It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company 's army. This rebellion brought far-reaching changes in political, social and other aspects. Revolt of 1857 Causes and Results . My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. The most significant result of the uprising of 1857 was the end of the rule of the East India Company and assumption of the Government of India directly by the Crown. The aged Emperor Bahadur Shah was taken prisoner. VD Sarvarkar was the first person to opine Revolt of 1857 as the first 'Indian War of Independence'. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. It was to a great extent a popular revolt led by exiled princes and displaced landlords. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Board of Directors and the Board of Control of India was abolished and the office of the Secretary of State for India was created. The Revolt of 1857 is also called as Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Watch Queue Queue There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. The Company … The Revolt of 1857 covered the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. What we notice in this period was abandonment of social and educational welfare measures by the British purposefully and willingly. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. By the end of 1859, British authority over India was fully reestablished, but the Revolt had not been in vain. Hugh Rose Majumdar concludes that it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the so-called first national war of independence of 1857 is neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as it was not preplanned and was limited to certain pockets in North India. All the ruling chiefs and kings were assured that their territory would never be annexed in future. » The immediate event which angered the sepoys was about the ammunition for the new rifles they had to use. Further, it is now suggested that the roots of the revolt are traceable to the pockets of relative poverty due to ecological factors such as less fertile soil and severe revenue assessments imposed on arable land caused undue misery to the cultivator. Died at Lucknow in December 1857. And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of India. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The Secretary of State for India was assisted and helped by a 15-member body of India Council. Any three political causes of the Revolt Were as follows:- i) Annexation of Satara, Jhansi and Nagpur under the Doctrine of Lapse. Though the revolt had failed, historian like Sir Legal Greffin stated that “The revolt of 1857 A.D. swept the Indian sky clear of many clouds”. The Revolt was suppressed. One by one, all the great leaders of the Revolt fell. The Emperor was tried and exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862. The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. The annexation of Indian territory and the rigorous taxation on Indian land contributed to a revolt against British rule that began in 1857. They failed to evolve unity of action. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. Religionist, Judicial and Diplomatic Effects: Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1 November, 1858 guaranteed freedom of faith and equal treatment to all Indians. They could pass on their kingdom to their heirs; … In the sphere of diplomatic ties between India and Britain, now there was a change and the British began to show greater interest in the internal development of India than in foreign affairs. The resistance disintegrated primarily due to lack of … The post-mutiny period also witnessed setback to Muslim renaissance and efforts of modernity. It is believed that it is very difficult to make generalization of the 1857 event as the response of the people varied from one area to another and as such it is argued that the revolt of 1857 was not one movement but many. What began as a fight for religion ended as a war of independence for there is not the slightest doubt that the rebels wanted to get rid of the alien government and restore the old order of which the king of Delhi was the rightful representative”. Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. The Revolt was suppressed. Introduction The Revolt of 1857, commonly called as the Sepoy Revolt, was the first organised revolt against British rule in India. 2. ...The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny.The many names are the result of the conflict's continuing importance to India's national sense of identity. Once the Indian people overthrew British power from an area, they did not know what sort of power to create in its place. The Rani Jhansi had died on the field of battle earlier on 17 June 1858. Sometimes they behaved more like a riotous mob than a disciplined army. Out of the fifteen, eight were appointed by the crown and the rest were to be appointed by the court of the directors. The Revolt of 1857 also regarded as India’s Ist War of Independence was a significant event in Indian history. The rebel units did not have a common plan of action, or authoritative heads, or centralized leadership. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. They were suspicious and jealous of one another and often indulged in suicidal quarrels. Bishewswar Prasad observes “as the end of the alien rule was the essential object and the chief purpose and in this sense the revolt of 1857 may be termed a national war for freedom, though the sentiment of nationalism in the modern sense had not taken deep roots in the soil of India at that movement”. The Revolt of 1857 is an important event in the history of India. In this article, we are going to see all the aspects of the Revolt of 1857 in Hindi. The 1857 Revolt remained concentrated in the Central India and some parts of north-Western India. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. It was planned to begin the revolt across the nation against the East India Company on 31st May, 1857. The major impact was the introduction of Government of India act which abolished the rule of British East India Company and marked the beginning of British raj that bestowed powers in the hands of the British government to rule India directly through … The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. L.E.R. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of … ii) Denial of pension to Nana … The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to the colonial rule. The Revolt of 1857 is also famous as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Frist War of Independence for India. Contradicting the above views of nationalist motivated perceptions, R.C. … Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Three results of the Revolt of 1857. 1. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. The infamous massacre related with Nana Saheb took place at Bibi Ghar, Kanpur. These Sepoys were drawn mainly from the peasant population of North and North-West India. Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. It began on 10th may 1857 in Meerut with the mutiny of Indian soldiers or sepoys as the British used to call them. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. UG SEM - IV ( CC - 10 ) This video is unavailable. In the sphere of social relations, the gulf between the Europeans and the Indians not only widened but animosity and hatred between the two social groups became marked, and there was definite social estrangement between Indians and Europeans. The reign of his successor witnessed a big conflagration-the Great Revolt of 1857. Sir James Outram, W. Taylor and others are of the view that it was a conspiracy hatched by the Hindus and the Muslims against the British. It began as a mutiny of native soldiers (sepoys) employed by the British East India … It was the culmination of the manifold grievances that Indians had against the East India Companys rule. Sources and Further Reading . According to Sir John Seale, the Revolution of 1857 was a rebellion of the selfish and not national soldiers, which had no leadership or support.Sir John Lawrence has described it as a military rebellion, and the main reason for this is the fat cartridge. Image Source: bharatmatamandir.in/files/2012/12/Mutiny-of-1857.jpg. In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? Results of the Revolt of 1857: The Revolt of 1857 served as a rude and caustic reminder to the British that they were alien in India and because of the very nature of their domination is colonial and exploitative, could not reconcile the Indians to their rule. Essay, Indian History, Revolts, Revolt of 1857, Essay on Revolt of 1857. The uprisings in different parts of the country were completely uncoordinated. Patriotism meant love of one's small locality or region or at most one's state. These imperatives guided British policy … They gave up the idea of the ruthless expan­sionist policy of their territorial boundaries in and outside India. The British government was … Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. His salary and allowances were to be paid out of the Indian … J.R. Holmes expressed the opinion that it was a conflict between civilization and barbarism. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. 1. It was started by the sepoy of the company which arouses the gathered grievances of the people against the Company administration and of their dislike for the foreign administration. The most significant result of the mutiny was the transfer of power from a trading company to a sovereign power of Britain by the Government of India Act of 1858. Further, the British tried to portray civil disturbances as the actions of selfish vested interests of the landholders and the princes. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Revolt Of 1857 questions and answers for PSC exams. The “British Parliament” passed another Act in 1858 and exchanged the forces of the “East India Company” to the “British Crown”.. 2. TOS4. P.E. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. ii) Queen Victoria issued a Proclamation promising to look after the welfare of the Indian people. Revolt of 1857 in Assam. The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. Madras, Bombay, Bengal and the Western Punjab remained undisturbed. The artillery section was exclusively kept under the British. The Revolt of 1857 was a major outbreak but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company. Revolt of 1857 in Assam. William Taylor and Eye. They reduced the Brahmins from the army and recruited Gurkhas, Sikhs, Jats and Rajputs of the Punjab. History of Freedom Movement in India. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. The Indian Revolt of 1857 Brought the End of the East India Company . Nana Sahib was defeated at Kanpur. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. A He was commander-in-chief of the army of Nana … He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. It marks the end of an era of mercantile capitalism and early colonial rule and the beginning of direct imperial hegemony of the British crown. Some of them are as follows: The British Crown took the direct responsibility of governance in India. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. The British government was now established. Because of this the revolt of 1857 failed in India. Content Guidelines 2. When the British started tinkering with the revenue system in 1803, the farming community of Odisha rose in rebellion. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. Modern nationalism was yet unknown in India. 1. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… At the end, we may conclude by agreeing with Tarachand: “imperi­alist Britain treated India as a satellite whose main function was to sweat and labour for the master, to sub-serve its economy and to enhance the glory and prestige of the empire”. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. Sheer courage could not win against a powerful and determined enemy who planned its every step. A very disturbing feature of post-mutiny period in India was the growth of social distance between the Hindus and Muslims which ultimately led to communalization of social life and partition of India on communal lines. Savarkar in his banned book. Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of 1857 did not result in freedom for India. "The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination." As a consequence of more European soldiers in the army, the expen­diture on the army doubled up. Why the revolt of 1857 failed: The British had the support of strong government in England. THE REVOLT OF 1857APARNA.P 2. The designation of the Governor General of India was changed to Viceroy. Chakravarty, Gautam. Even inspite of failure that served a great purpose, it was a source of inspiration in India’s freedom struggle. Indian Rebellion of 1857A 1912 map of Northern IndiaThe Revolt of 1857-59 showingthe centres of rebellionincluding the principal ones:Meerut, Delhi, Cawnpore(Kanpur), Lucknow, Jhansi, andGwalior.Date 10 May 1857 - 1859Location India (cf. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. 4. Ashok Mehta in his book The Great Rebellion expressed the view that the revolt was national in character. The rebels were dealt an early blow when the British captured Delhi on 20 September 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. It was a result of the anger against the government. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. Surender Nath Sen is of the view that: “The mutiny became a revolt and assumed a political character when the mutineers of Meerut placed themselves under the king of Delhi and a section of the landed aristocracy and civil population declared, in his favour. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. While in the first century, i.e., from 1757 to 1857, the British crown indirectly ruled India, in the second century, i.e., from 1858 to 1947, the British crown directly ruled India through the Viceroy appointed by the Monarch. Military revolt. As we have seen, the rapacious policies followed by . 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