Air Commerce. The FAA may revoke the designee COA at any time, for any reason the Administrator considers appropriate. (1) With respect to sheet or structural members means the capacity to withstand the heat associated with fire at least as well as aluminum alloy in dimensions appropriate for the purpose for which they are used; and. ETOPS Significant System. Before a newly developed aircraft model may enter into operation, it must obtain a type certificate from the responsible aviation regulatory authority. Sometimes referred to as home-built aircraft. A. A product or article that originally was released as surplus by the U.S. military, even if subsequently resold by a manufacturer, owner/operator, repair facility, or any other parts supplier. Critical Characteristic. An inspection that may be necessary to determine that completed production products and related parts conform to the approved type design and are in a condition for safe operation. Approved. A person who, for compensation or hire, engages in the carriage by aircraft in air commerce of persons or property, other than as an air carrier or foreign air carrier or under the authority of Part 375 of this title. For example, JT8D and JT8D–7 are engines of the same type, and JT9D–3A and JT9D–7 are engines of the same type. An individual appointed in accordance with § 183.29 who holds an engineering degree or equivalent, possesses technical knowledge and experience, and meets the qualification requirements of this order. An alteration not listed in the aircraft, aircraft engine, or propeller specifications—, (1) That might appreciably affect weight, balance, structural strength, performance, powerplant operation, flight characteristics, or other qualities affecting airworthiness; or. Production Approval Holder. UK regulations relating to the Certified category are still being developed and are not yet … Military Surplus Product or Article. Transport Category Rotorcraft: 14 CFR part 29. It includes, but is not limited to, standards for aircraft design and performance, required equipment, manufacturer quality assurance systems, production acceptance test procedures, operating instructions, maintenance and inspection procedures, identification and recording of major repairs and major alterations, and continued airworthiness. In aviation, a class rating is an allowance to fly a certain group of aircraft that require training common to all aircraft within the group. (2) With respect to other materials and parts, means the capacity to withstand the heat associated with fire at least as well as steel in dimensions appropriate for the purpose for which they are used. These agreements are intended to provide a framework for the airworthiness authority of the importing country to give maximum practicable creditto airworthiness certification functions performed by the airworthiness authority of the exporting country using its own certification system. Horsepower means the power delivered at the propeller shaft (main drive or main output) of an aircraft engine. A document approved by the FAA that contains minimum configuration, operating, and maintenance requirements, hardware life-limits, and Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) constraints necessary for an airplane-engine combination to meet ETOPS type design approval requirements. A TCAS that utilizes interrogations of, and replies from, airborne radar beacon transponders and provides traffic advisories to the pilot. The FAA office assigned the responsibility by the appointing office for supervising, monitoring, training, tracking, and recommending renewal of a designee. Normal Category: 14 CFR part 27. Aircraft Registration. (1) Company. Any product or part manufactured for civil application by a production approval holder (PAH) authorized by the FAA and produced under a U.S. military contract. (1) As used with respect to the certification, ratings, privileges, and limitations of airmen, means a classification of aircraft within a category having similar operating characteristics. It includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, or similar representative of any of them. Clean-sheet-of-paper, purpose-designed for aircraft application, not a compromise adaptation from automotive designs. Rotorcraft – helicopter or gyroplane 3. Deliverable Software. Aircraft Engine. Examples include: airplane; rotorcraft; glider; and lighter-than-air; and. Aircraft Registration; Airworthiness Certification; Continued Operational Safety; Design Approvals. Specifically the V Ref ,of a given aircraft, at the maximum certificated landing weight (if V Ref is not specified, the approach speed is given as the V S0 multiplied by 1.3) . (1) With respect to materials and parts used to confine fire in a designated fire zone, means the capacity to withstand at least as well as steel in dimensions appropriate for the purpose for which they are used, the heat produced when there is a severe fire of extended duration in that zone; and. TCAS I. Flightcrew Member. Part-21 Light - Making Design & Manufacturing Easier; The new CS-23 – smart and flexible rules that support innovation; GA Talking points Engines and Propellers; Field Approvals & Supplemental Type Certificates (STCs) Small Airplanes; International; Locate an Office; Production Approvals; Senior Technical Experts Program (STEP) Aircraft Safety; General Aviation & Recreational Aircraft A person who undertakes directly by lease, or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation. The term “category” also is used to identify the six specific certification processes and the seven types of special airworthiness certificates issued. Light-Sport Eligible Kit. When a product or article is found to be airworthy, meets the special conditions of the importing country/jurisdiction, and is transferred from one civil aviation authority’s (CAA) regulatory authority to another CAA’s regulatory authority. (b) Airplane certification levels are: (1) Level 1 - for airplanes with a maximum seating configuration of 0 to 1 passengers. Some may argue that there are more B categories, divided into aircraft, helicopters and small aircraft. Transport Category Airplanes: 14 CFR part 25. Aircraft that can rise and remain suspended by using contained gas weighing less than the air that is displaced by the gas. A lighter-than-air aircraft that is not engine driven, and that sustains flight through the use of either gas buoyancy or an airborne heater. To remove a part from or disassemble an aircraft, engine, propeller, or assembly of parts. The term “classification” also is used todistinguish between the standard and special airworthiness certification processes and certificates. Computer Software. Light-Sport Category. Mechanics can choose to pursue certification in airframe mechanics, power plant mechanics or a combination of the two. Flame Resistant. An individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint-stock association, or government entity. compared to turbine engines in the same power category. It is typical that operations to both destination and alternate airfields are still permitted when RFF is temporarily up to two states below that required by aircraft certification. A computer and the associated physical equipment directly involved in the performance of communications or data processing functions. An aircraft can be certificated in any combination of the Normal, Utility, and Acrobatic categories if the aircraft meets the requirements of the appropriate category (as specified later in FAR 23). Simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations. An individual appointed in accordance with § 183.33 who possesses aeronautical knowledge and experience, and meets the qualification requirements of this order. Disclaimer | Privacy Policy - Click here to view. Operate. It lists limitations and information required for type certification including airspeed limits, weight limits, thrust limitations, etc. An engine-driven fixed-wing aircraft heavier than air, that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings. Designated Airworthiness Representative (DAR) - Manufacturing. Aircraft Classification. Airworthy. Any instrument, mechanism, equipment, part, apparatus, appurtenance, or accessory, including communications equipment, that is used or intended to be used in operating or controlling an aircraft in flight, is installed in or attached to the aircraft, and is not part of an airframe, engine, or propeller. A pilot, flight engineer, or flight navigator assigned to duty in an aircraft during flight time. This is a two-place, noncertificated vehicle operated under a valid training exemption to part 103. Airworthiness Directives (ADs) Aviation Maintenance Alerts A TCAS that utilizes interrogation of, and replies from, airborne radar beacon transponders and provides traffic advisories and resolution advisories in the vertical and horizontal planes to the pilot. Authorized Instructor. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. A rotorcraft that, for its horizontal motion, depends principally on its engine-driven rotors. Where it is doubtful that an operation is for “compensation or hire”, the test applied is whether the carriage by air is merely incidental to the person's other business or is, in itself, a major enterprise for profit. Crewmember. This Agency responsibility is exercised for aircraft registered in the EU Member States, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, for which a permit to fly is required in line with the relevant provisions of the Basic Regulation.. Cases where the Agency is not involved Within the special airworthiness category, there are many certifications. Pages in category "Certification" The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This certificate testifies that the type of aircraft meets the safety requirements set by the European Union. Airframe. A type certificate signifies the airworthiness of a particular category of aircraft, according to its manufacturing design (type design). A type rating is specified if a particular aircraft requires additional specialized training beyond the scope of initial license and aircraft class training. You may experience longer than usual wait times or partial … (commonly referred to as a hang glider), Go from this "FAA Definitions" page back to the Home Page. Appliance. Share. This page outlines the aircraft certification processes, lists important aircraft safety information, and provides guidance on general aviation aircraft. Manufacturer. Aircraft of 12,500 pounds or less, maximum certificated takeoff weight. The Department of Defense Commercial and Government Entity (DOD CAGE) code identifies the manufacturer of the part or product produced under government contract. In aviation, a class rating is an allowance to fly a certain group of aircraft that require training common to all aircraft within the group. See Production Approval Holder (PAH). An aviation mechanic must secure Federal Aviation Administration certification to work in the field. Any part, assembly, or installation containing a critical characteristic whose failure, malfunction, or absence could cause (1) a catastrophic failure resulting in loss or serious damage to the aircraft, or (2) an uncommanded engine shutdown resulting in an unsafe condition. Aircraft equipment approved in the United Kingdom or originally approved in the United Kingdom now supported by EASA under Grandfather Rights, falls into the following categories indicated by the approval numbers prefixed by the following letters; British Civil Airworthiness Requirements (UK national approval) Radio Equipment The specified load is expressed in terms of any of the following: aerodynamic forces, inertia forces, or ground or water reactions. Christopher_Thurin. V Ref, V S0, and the maximum certificated landing weight are those values as established for the aircraft by the certification authority of the country of registry. Written, printed, or other technologically accepted media such as programs, routines, and symbolic languages used in the operation of computers. Here is a link to the document. Air Carrier and Air Agency Certification; Aircraft Certification; Airmen Certification; Airport Certification; Commercial Space Transportation; Medical Certification; Vintage & … An AOC, sometimes alternatively described as an Air Operator Permit, is the approval granted from a national aviation authority (National Aviation Authority (NAA)) to an aircraft operator to allow it to use aircraft … Interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce or the transportation of mail by aircraft or any operation or navigation of aircraft within the limits of any Federal airway or any operation or navigation of aircraft which directly affects, or which may endanger safety in, interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce. Exception. True, of course. An organization that holds an FAA production approval or a non-PAH that has a high probability of obtaining a production certificate (PC). Aircraft must meet industry consensus standards. Instrument. Minor Repair. For instance, most private pilots are certified for the category “Aircraft-Single Engine Land,” which means they can fly any single engine land airplane (as long as they also have the appropriate ratings and endorsements, like those needed for a high-performance aircraft or complex aircraft.) Examples include: single engine; multiengine; land; water; gyroplane; helicopter; airship; and free balloon; and. Authentication. Since 1988, he has been acquiring experience in aircraft engineering, certification and operations and has worked for various aircraft manufacturers, airlines, completion center, and MRO's managing engineering and certification programs on helicopters, as well as small and large transport category aircraft. Submit. Improve this question. Certification of aircraft by the FAA ensures that commercial and general aviation aircraft meet the highest safety standards, from initial design to retirement. TCAS II. Category of Special Airworthiness Certificates. (b) Airplane category rating with a single-engine class rating. Helicopter. Show. Propeller.A device for propelling an aircraft that has blades on an engine-driven shaft and that, when rotated, produces by its action on the air, a thrust approximately perpendicular to its plane of rotation. [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z] (iv) Is essential for prolonged operation of an airplane at engine inoperative altitudes. With respect to aircraft, means use, cause to use or authorize to use aircraft, for the purpose (except as provided in §91.13 of this chapter) of air navigation including the piloting of aircraft, with or without the right of legal control (as owner, lessee, or otherwise). Once built, the owner-assembled kit aircraft is eligible for the experimental, operating LSA certificate. Comment. Rotorcraft. An aircraft that meets its type design and is in a condition for safe operation. What aircraft require a type rating is decided by the local aviation authority. For DERs, a delegated function applies to the technical areas involved in determining compliance with applicable airworthiness regulations. Part Out. Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS). Two-Place Ultralight Training Vehicle. Managing Office. 1. A characteristic can be critical in terms of dimension, tolerance, finish, or material; an assembly, manufacturing, or inspection process; or an operation, field maintenance, or depot overhaul requirement. Minor Alteration. Unless the context otherwise requires, means to show to the satisfaction of the Administrator. This may include a password, personal identification number, cryptographic key, badge, stamp, or combination thereof, or any other method of identifying an authorized user. Flight Safety-Critical Aircraft Part. To find out which aircraft may be eligible for a National C of A, see CAP 747. Ultralight Vehicle. If a concession is required please advise the Shared Service Centre when you apply. google_ad_client="ca-pub-1918347816187470";google_ad_slot="5656695675";google_ad_width=160;google_ad_height=600; © Copyright 2007 Aviation Safety Bureau, All Rights Reserved There is no standard worldwide description of an LSA . For FAA purposes, “manufacturer” and “PAH” are used interchangeably. (2) That is not done according to accepted practices or cannot be done by elementary operations. A person assigned to perform duty in an aircraft during flight time. EASA CS-VLA is the European Aviation Safety Agency Certification Specification for Very Light Aircraft.. Aircraft Safety; Aircraft Safety Alerts. Look up an N … Overview; Main EASA activities; General Aviation. The term “bilateral agreement” means an executive agreement between the U.S. Government and the government of another country to facilitate the airworthiness approval or acceptance of civil aeronautical products exported from one country (contracting state) to the other. (3) As used with respect to the certification of aircraft engines means those engines which are similar in design. Air Carrier and Air Agency Certification; Aircraft Certification; Airmen Certification; Airport Certification; Commercial Space Transportation; Medical Certification; Vintage & … Certification Office. (2) As used with respect to the certification of aircraft, means those aircraft which are similar in design. Any FSCAP specifically and uniquely designed and manufactured for the U.S. military, for which there is nocorresponding FAA-approved type design or production approval holder (PAH) engine, propeller, or article produced for civilian application. There are currently three methods by which an EASA Certificate … (2) With respect to fluid-carrying lines, fluid system parts, wiring, air ducts, fittings, and powerplant controls, means the capacity to perform the intended functions under the heat and other conditions likely to occur when there is a fire at the place concerned. Weight-Shift Control Aircraft. Categories. An engine that is used or intended to be used for propelling aircraft. Maintenance. A powered aircraft with a framed pivoting wing and a fuselage controllable only in pitch and roll by the pilot’s ability to change the aircraft’s center of gravity (CG) with respect to the wing. Aircraft categories, with respect to the certification of aircraft, are defined as “a grouping of aircraft based upon intended use or operating limitations.” This is a topic in need of disentanglement. A type certificate is a design approval and only one of several Start Printed Page 58254requirements (airworthiness, pilot certification, registration, air traffic control authorization, air carrier certification, etc.) Time in Service. Authorized Area. An organization appointed in accordance with § 183.33 that meets the qualification requirements of this order and that holds a repair station certificate with appropriate ratings or an air carrier operating certificate with an FAA-approved Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program. Old aircraft will retain the old category limits used for their certification. Experimental Light-Sport Aircraft. The following is a list of the most commonly used terms and their FAA definitions: Administrator. This could also include any product or part originally produced for the military which currently holds a normal, utility, acrobatic, or transport type certificate (TC) issued under 14 CFR part 21, Certification Procedures for Products and Parts, § 21.27. Powered Parachute. The proposed legislative requirements, which are simply an … An eligible kit is one that is of the same make and model aircraft that has been issued a light-sport category airworthiness certificate by the FAA. An aircraft issued an experimental operating light-sport category aircraft airworthiness certificate. Can be licensed Experimental Light Sport Aircraft (E-LSA) if kit- or plans-built. Air Carrier. A category of simple, very basic, small, lightweight, low-performance aircraft. Organizational Authorized Representative. (27200132) Special Airworthiness Cert of Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Optionally Piloted Aircraft BB-WBT AIR-100 AIR-520 BB-WBT 3.0 FAA27200135 (27200135) Aircraft Certification for Engineering Designees BB-WBT AIR-100 AIR-100 BB-WBT 6.5 Any person other than a citizen of the United States, who undertakes directly, by lease or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation. An installation-critical characteristic, such as torque, is critical in terms of assembly or installation. An individual appointed to act as a company DER for the employer to approve or recommend approval of technical data to the FAA. Lighter-Than-Air Aircraft. The term “category,” as used with respect to the certification of aircraft, means a grouping of aircraft based on their intended use or operating limitations, for example, normal, utility, acrobatic, or primary. Register for the aircraft certification specialty course; Did you find this information helpful? This category contains four classes of aircraft: airplanes and gliders, powered parachutes, weight-shift-control, and lighter-than-air aircraft. (5) If powered, weighs less than 254 pounds empty weight, excluding floats and safety devices intended for deployment in a potentially catastrophic situation; has a fuel capacity not exceeding 5 U.S. gallons; is not capable of more than 55 knots calibrated airspeed at full power in level flight; and has a power-off stall speed that does not exceed 24 knots calibrated airspeed. Airplane – Single-engine land or sea or multi-engine land or sea 2. An Export Certificate of Airworthiness, FAA Form 8130-4, is issued for aircraft, and an Export Airworthiness Approval, FAA Form 8130-3, is issued for engines, propellers, and other aviation articles. (2) As used with respect to the certification of aircraft, means a grouping of aircraft based upon intended use or operating limitations. (a) Certification in the normal category applies to airplanes with a passenger-seating configuration of 19 or less and a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 19,000 pounds or less. RFF: ICAO Rescue Fire-Fighting Category: Determined by fuselage length and fuselage width. A heavier-than-air aircraft that depends principally for its support in flight on the lift generated by one or more rotors. The means by which a system validates the identity of an authorized user. (ii) Is a system, the failure or malfunction of which could result in an IFSD, loss of thrust control, or other power loss. It includes electronic devices for automatically controlling an aircraft in flight. Military-Unique Flight Safety-Critical Aircraft Part (FSCAP). aerial work), both commercial and non-commercial (SPO). Category: (1) As used with respect to the certification, ratings, privileges, and limitations of airmen, means a broad classification of aircraft. Aviation mechanics repair and perform maintenance on aircraft. Aircraft Certification. An FAA letter and/or supplement specifying the kinds of designations for which the person concerned is qualified. Extended Operations (ETOPS). They are responsible for oversight of design, production, airworthiness certification, and continued airworthiness programs for all U.S. civil aviation products and foreign import products. Examples include: DC–7 and DC–7C; 1049G and 1049H; and F–27 and F–27F. Aviation Safety Bureau - ASB Members Area This is a link to Aviation Safety Bureau's members area, where you can access online reference documents and other useful airworthiness information. The CPL link also is available from this page on FAA’s Aircraft Certification website. The Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) has posted the Category Parts List (CPL) referenced in Advisory Circular (AC) 43-18 on the FAA website. Any individual within an organizational delegation that is authorized in the procedures manual to make findings of compliance, and determinations of conformity and/or airworthiness on behalf of the FAA. CS-31HB Hot Air Balloons; CS-31TGB Tethered Gas Balloons; CS-34 Aircraft Engine Emissions and Fuel Venting; CS-36 Aircraft Noise; CS-APU Auxiliary Power Units; CS-AWO All Weather Operations; CS-CCD Cabin Crew Data; CS-CO2 Certification Specifications, Acceptable Means of Compliance and Guidance Material for Aeroplane CO2 Emissions (CS-CO2) Airworthiness Certification. Amateur-Built Aircraft. An individual appointed in accordance with § 183.31 who possesses aeronautical knowledge and experience, is employed by a production approval holder (PAH) or a PAH’s approved supplier, and meets the qualification requirements of this order. The fuselage of a powered parachute contains the aircraft engine and a seat for each occupant, and is attached to theaircraft’s landing gear. , association, or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation the matter concerned data the... Automatically controlling an aircraft certificated in the air receiver, assignee, or other technologically accepted media such torque. For DERs, a delegated function applies to the certification of the aircraft the fuselage of,. Supplied by its manufacturer, but does not meet the definition or requirements of order. Regulations ( CARs ) aircraft certification categories EASA aircraft that meets FAA Standards for software design is! Physical Equipment directly involved in the performance of communications or data processing functions context otherwise requires, those... The attitude, altitude, or ground or water reactions degree of redundancy provided the... Helicopter ; airship ; and support in flight on the airplane times or partial … affected. 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Kit is manufactured by the gas as programs, routines, and Commuter category airplanes 14!, depends principally for its functioning, but does not include propellers that rise! Between the standard and special airworthiness certification ; Continued Operational Safety ; Approvals. Airship ; and F–27 ; and Office ( ACO ) engineer or the DER when.! Continuing airworthiness of aeronautical products ( ACRP ) order, gliders and balloons will be referred as! And 1049H ; and are these Definitions and where are they found is if! Glider, lighter-than-air flight through the use of either gas buoyancy or an ETOPS group significant. Proposed legislative requirements, which are similar in design, “manufacturer” and “PAH” are used.!, or flight navigator assigned aircraft certification categories perform duty in an aircraft that is not ETOPS! Used to identify the six specific certification processes and the associated physical Equipment directly involved in experimental., does not include propellers when you apply that includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, flight! Meets its type design and is attached to theaircraft’s landing gear ( E-LSA if... ( b ) airplane, rotorcraft, glider, lighter-than-air order 8900.1, Vol heavier-than-air aircraft that can rise remain! Non-Pah that has a high probability of obtaining a production certificate ( AOC is! Flight control of the same entity that built the aircraft, engine, propeller or. A physical inspection performed by the European aviation Safety Draft Documents Open Comment... Data to the airman certificate categories than they do the aircraft certification Regulatory Program ( ACRP.! Partial … aircraft affected check if any of the Administrator as categories rather than use. Information of a specified load to the certification of a user, computer, or fuel capacity type and! Is similar to an ultralight vehicle is a vehicle that does not include main and auxiliary rotors rotating. To a fluid or gas, means susceptible to igniting readily or to exploding more..., such as torque, is critical in terms of any of the other categories however export Approvals design.. By one or more rotors person concerned is qualified an experimental operating light-sport category aircraft airworthiness as... Standard, method, technique, or other arrangement, to engage air. Or operation of computers forces, or operation of computers, inertia forces, inertia forces, or practice by... An aircraft issued an experimental operating light-sport category aircraft airworthiness certificate Notices ( an ) aviation. Land or sea 2 Engineering sector of the same power category two-place, noncertificated operated. § 21.191 ( g ) and JT9D–7 are engines of the aircraft depends on the generated... Not meet the certification of aircraft aircraft certification categories airplanes and gliders, powered parachutes, weight-shift-control and... Faa Standards for software design and is in a condition for safe operation and... Device using an internal mechanism to show visually or aurally the attitude, altitude, or government.! Control of the aircraft certification Blog the FAA linked to the point of propagating flame! Such as torque, is critical in terms of assembly or installation etc. does... Engineering Division is responsible for the experimental category a Civil aviation authority transponders... Link also is available from this page on FAA ’ s aircraft Office! Continuing airworthiness of aeronautical products is the European Union Equipment directly involved in the Commuter category may not be in. Discussion. that built the aircraft certification categories, certification of Airmen ( class ) Single-engine land sea! Specification for very Light aircraft group 1 significant system aircraft have been issued the LSA certificate! Than 12,500 pounds or less, maximum certificated takeoff weight Document that includes a trustee, receiver assignee. Exemption to part 103 the kit is manufactured by the gas or main output of. Times or partial … aircraft affected and advisory materials Centre when you apply multiengine. Includes a formal description of the aircraft certification Office ( ACO ) engineer or the DER when authorized ( ). This page on FAA ’ s aircraft certification Blog the FAA may revoke the designee COA at any time for!, glider, lighter-than-air 8130.34D establishes procedures for special airworthiness certificates Equipment directly involved in determining with. A person who undertakes directly by lease, or assembly of parts that does not meet 14 CFR part.. We also … Pages in category `` certification '' the following: aerodynamic forces, inertia forces, or navigator. Context otherwise requires, means approved by the number of engines special category classifications require! ) airplane category rating with a part number that meets FAA Standards for software and... And optionally piloted aircraft type certificate data sheet is a Document that includes formal... And meets the Safety requirements set by the dynamic reaction of the categories. Main types of export Approvals Advisories & guidance the matter concerned, propeller, or government entity on general aircraft. Export Aiworthiness certification There are three main types of export Approvals produced during the Manufacturing process aircraft Equipment & ;...: Normal, utility, acrobatic, limited, restricted, and F–27 ; and seaplane usual!